The arch in the foot is caused by abroad band of fibrous connective tissue, called the longitudinalligament. A ligament is nothing more than connective tissue thatconnects bone to bone. The longitudinal ligament connects themetatarsal phalangeal joints to the os calcis or heel bone. Likea string on a bow, they hold the two ends together and create anarch. This arch is a shock absorption structure and it also helpsto maintain all the tarsals in proper erect anatomic position. Asthis arch decreases, impact from the concrete becomes worse. Most people dislike their feet but with a bit of tender loving care, as described above, they will give us few problems.
Intermittent hip pain, or pain that comes and goes, is common in some people, and discomfort is often attributed to injuries or chronic conditions such as arthritis or fibromyalgia. Regardless of the cause, there are numerous ways to deal with hip pain and stop muscle ache or inflammation. Older women stay active by exercising, playing different sports and performing everyday tasks. Some feel aches and pains but function well nonetheless. Others, however, have trouble taking part in such activities because of knee problems. A risk factor is something that increases the likelihood of an illness or condition developing. For example, people who are obese are more likely to develop diabetes
Plantar Fasciitis is a very common condition caused by over-pronation. As the feet flatten, the Plantar Fascia (fibrous band of ligaments under the foot) is being overly stretched, leading to inflammation in the heel, where the fascia attach to the heel bone. Plantar Fasciitis causes chronic heel pain and sometimes a heel spur develops (bony growth at the heel bone). There is no real cure as such for over-pronation, however a lot can be done to prevent it. The most effective way to minimise over-pronation and its effects on the body is by wearing orthotics inside the shoes.
Identifying pes cavus is a straightforward process. The high arched foot is noticeable to anyone, but an orthopedic surgeon should evaluate the individual in order to identify some of the nuances of the condition. Diagnosing which muscles are tight or weak and assessing their potential to be stretched or strengthened is important for initiating an effective treatment plan. Also, the cavus foot causes increased body weight to be distributed through areas of the foot that are not designed for this purpose. Evaluation by the surgeon will aid in a proper prescription of orthotics, if deemed necessary.
Although infants are usually born with flexible flatfeet, most develop normal arches sometime between ages 7 and 10. In the 15% to 20% of children whose flatfeet last into adulthood, the condition often is inherited and lifelong. However, it may not cause symptoms. Because most cases of flatfeet are inherited, the condition is usually impossible to prevent. Even when children with flexible flatfeet are treated with arch supports and corrective shoes, there is little evidence that these devices prevent the condition from lasting into adulthood. Treatment The most common complaint(s), or symptom(s) associated with SPP are arch and/orheel pain. This pain may begin in adolescence, or not occur until adulthood.
Functional orthoses are given after the biomechanical assessment and casting of the feet. They are built by numerous processes to straighten up the structure of the foot in its most functionally effective position. The orthotic, moulded from the cast, is designed to strengthen the foot and also to stop it from moving into an unbalanced position whilst walking or running. Lastly, you might want to think about whether your feet are implicated in causing your knee pain. Again over-pronation will not only stretch your plantar fascia in your foot, but also alter certain angles and alignment for your patella, causing CMP. Good luck to all the avid runners out there!